Blood Injury Rules Feb 21

World Squash have recently changed the Rules on Blood Injuries so I have prepared the attached which in addition to covering the changes from Dec ’20 I have written in such a way as to give general guidance on this area of the Rules that I know most players find difficult to get their heads round.
I hope this helps them.

Blood Injury

World Squash have recently (Dec’20), amended the Blood Injury section of the Rules. I will try to put some light on these changes for you as I am aware, that injuries involving blood only occur infrequently, and as such, some unnecessary confusion does surround the subject at times.

Before I go in into the finer points, I will stress the critically important first factor to take on board, ‘STOP PLAY,’ even if the players are playing on, you must stop play immediately you see bleeding from an open wound. Announce “play suspended indefinitely.”

Not only does this deal with the most important matter of the injured player getting medical treatment if necessary, but it also gives you, as Marker/Referee, time to work out the cause and the appropriate way of dealing with the issue.

Injuries involving blood fall into three categories.

Self-inflicted. Examples, fall after lunge or dive, crowding, nosebleed, the injured player is allowed up to 5 minutes (increased from previous 3 minutes) to stem flow. Any new flow, game must  be conceded taking the 90 seconds interval between games for recovery. If the visible bleeding continues, the match is awarded to the opponent. Note that only one game can be conceded before the match is awarded to the opponent.

Contributed. The injured player is allowed  ‘reasonable time’ (previously 1 hour) to stem flow of blood. Interpretation of ‘reasonable time’ is in the opinion of the Marker/Referee with contribution from medical advice if available. This additional input of ‘medical advice’ has also been added to the rules.

If the flow reoccurs through no fault of either player, further reasonable time can again be taken to address the injury. If it reoccurs again the process of  conceding the games and taking intervals apply. If the injured player cannot resume play within reasonable time or the extended periods allowed, the match will be awarded to the injured players opponent.

If the same Blood Injury reoccurs due to the sole action of the injured player, the player has no further time to address the blood injury and must concede the game and take the 90 seconds interval. If the injured player cannot resume play within reasonable time or the extended periods allowed, the match is awarded to the injured players opponent.

Opponent  inflicted. If accidental, reasonable time to stem flow, but if not able to resume, match awarded to the injured player. If the match continues and the blood injury reoccurs further ‘reasonable time’ can be taken  but if the blood flow cannot then be stemmed the match is awarded to injured player.

If deliberate dangerous play, match awarded to injured player and Conduct Rule applied.

The wording of this Blood Injury rule has been updated to comply with current medical concerns thus, ‘A Blood injury is defined as being when blood occurs, and the blood flow is sufficient that blood can be transferred from a player to their opponent or the court. A scrape or graze with no blood flow does not constitute a Blood Injury and play must continue. Visible blood through a bandage, dressing or covering is not considered a Blood Injury.’

A sensible and  timely update, with useful clarification of previous grey areas and the added instruction that the injured player must return to the court in the shortest possible time.   

And finally, the ‘bleeding obvious,’ always make sure that the court is properly cleaned, and blood-stained clothing replaced!

Let’s hope we can get back on court soon, but not putting this rule to the fore!

Good luck, and hopefully we can salvage some of the season.

David Williams


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